Thursday, 25 November 2010

How do you understand Second Life



When I first started to study Second Life I was inspired by post-modern and post humanist theories. I looked mostly to Donna Haraway who provided to me an image of a post-gender cyborg human using technology to break the binary of male/female. At that time I saw Second Life as a space of total possibility, and the likely springboard for the Singularity which I imagined would form from people rapidly developing new kinds of selves and building a faster more agile reality separate from RL. My goal was to see that day when we could say SL was over RL. That our avatars were freer, more joyful, and more intelligent than any role the banal world could produce. But there is so much truth to the rule RL/SL. And over the years I have come to see SL more in terms of Freud.



Now I understand Second Life, and really most technology we make a fetish, in terms of fantasy. The free space of Second Life is an area where people can form fantasies to deal with the anxieties of day to day life. Second Life is not a road to Singularity, but kind of a loop or repeated "dramas" working out the anxiety of day to day life. It is this repetition of anxiety play that gives Second Life is stagnate feel, like a repeated dream it does not as much evolve as simply grow.



Most of the building and almost all of the "drama" in Second Life is fully conditioned by real life conditions.
People come to Second Life to try and perfect their identity. They quickly become fixated on a single identity and they use Second Life to try an cut away features of themselves they don't like and extend features they do like.

For example, during a period of profound situational depression in my life I was going in to Second Life a great deal. At that time I was very depressed about my weight, so I produced an avatar with a thin body. I also resented a stupid job forcing me to have short hair, so I wore long flowing beautiful hair. Because of my depression my personal relations were falling apart, so I created myself as a dandy, a social butterfly who lived to dance and meet female avatars. In Second Life I became that which had been taken from me in real life by the nature of my life situation and my depression.

Once my depression lifted enough for me to return to the "real world" I lost most interest in this. My avatar become more flexible and I started to play around with it to get attention. I sometimes became a robot or a flock of butterflies. But I also lost interest in SL and spent much less time in it. And as I recover further I spend less and less time.

Frankly the only reason I even keep interest in Second Life is that I turned it in to a kind of game like Foursquare, trying to see as many places as I could. Its the "game" of Second Life blogger that keep we somewhat engaged. I also sometimes attend interesting talks and meet interesting people. But these wonderful features are not enough to keep me on for more than an hour a week. I blog much more about Second Life than I intend.

I simply don't have a need for a fantasy self anymore, I am interest more and more in the real self. Rather than building a thin fit avatar I go to the gym and check in with Foursquare. I am the mayor of my local gym. I am moving the skills I picked up in Second Life but as I feel personally healthier I am more and more interested in applying these directly to the real world.

I think this accounts for the radical flakiness of Second Life. People go through periods they need to embrace the fantasy, but either they get happier in the real world or the nature of the fantasy itself becomes too strong, and they have either morph or leave.

604 comments:

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Hiro Pendragon said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Hiro Pendragon said...

Oh, where to begin?

First, your premise that virtual worlds are not "postmodern" is unfounded. You base it on the premise that people don't want a fantasy life, but you don't consider other, unrelated causes. Instead, a psychological approach is warranted: folks aren't "born" tabula rasa in virtual worlds. They come with complex and rich schema already built-in. That alone is reason enough to expect that most people won't go *too far* away from their "real self".

Instead, I think virtual worlds are the epitome of postmodernism. Instant possibility to create almost anything, remix, share. In Second Life you find goth furry jedi knights talking about their favorite movies. Where else can you find that, and how is that not the height of postmodernism?

In another sense, virtual worlds move beyond into the post-postmodern re-emergence of humanism that we've been seeing for the past couple of decades. Unlike flat-web chat rooms, virtual worlds give us an opportunity to connect with people in deep, meaningful ways. And from your experience in virtual worlds, would you disagree that the value in them is the interaction with other people? I would conclude that if we're going to talk about virtual worlds undermining postmodernism, it wouldn't be in a "we're rejecting postmodernism" sense as you assert, but instead more of a "we're moving beyond postmodernism".

Second, "RL/SL" is a false dichotomy. It's all real life. Virtual worlds are just as real. Even when people roleplay, it's still part of their "real life" experiences. Thinking in terms where virtual worlds are put on a polar opposite to "real life" only diminishes the perceived value of a virtual world, when in fact virtual worlds have countless values in business, education, interpersonal relations, etc.

Lastly - did you really expect people would want to fully escape themselves? How would they do that? I think the hippie-utopian-transcendental idea that is expounded by some is just that - like any other utopian idea, unattainable and unrealistic.

The key is context. Having a new "second life" (lowercase) is only valuable in the context of escaping from the current one. It's based as a reaction to who one is already. There's simply no way to undo that. Only someone born of the metaverse without a human body would ever be able to do what you originally suggested.

Still, fascinating observations!

Iggy O said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Iggy O said...

I'll add this footnote to Hiro's thoughtful reply: build more often.

I'm not in Hiro's league as a builder, and I cannot script, but whenever I get bored with virtual worlds, I build. If you want social-constructivist epistemology that's at the core of Postmodern pedagogy in my field, writing, do a collaborative build with others and then make an immersive simulation.

That's a pretty Postmodern move, appropriating the tools a corporation provides to make something new, even subversive, and ephemeral, one of Hakim Bey's TAZs.

So I've begun to focus less on the avatar and more what avatars (and the users driving them) create.

Robert Hooker said...

I don't feel as though anything in the comments really addressed what I was speaking about or my ideas, but rather are targeted against some straw man opponent in SL.

My posts are in a series on how to understand Second Life in theory, and concern the sociological models that are best applied to virtual reality. I don't even think we have the same meaning of the word post-modern here.

Hiro Pendragon said...

How do you define "post-modern", then? I'm going by the one of roughly "the philosophical movement that started roughly after World War II that is critical of singular objective truth, is opposed to sharp classifications, and is the initiator of remix culture where different combinations of ideas that were not traditionally considered by modernism are now possible." I thought your RL/SL dichotomy was distinctly *not* postmodern, in this sense.

What straw man do you feel I or Iggy has made? And is there some reason that, given there's only 2 of us who commented, you couldn't address us directly?

I mean, it sounds to me that you had strong pre-conceptions about what to expect in virtual worlds (hence my mention of the utopian vision) and because it didn't fit into this notion, you've dismissed virtual worlds as a failed experiment in transhumanism, without trying to understand the value of them with an open mind. At least, that's how your blog entry reads.

Robert Hooker said...

I don't say, or even think about, Virtual World being Post-Modern or not. For me Post-Modern is a set of thinkers who are identified in that movement. In terms of cyber studies and the Internet that would be the work of Sherry Turkle more than any other.

The key idea in their position is that discourse creates identity. That we assume selves based on spaces created for us in discourse and culture, and at first SL seems to support this.

But after years of observation I found key variations. Firstly I have found people become rather rigid about these identities, only changing slowly.

I also see repeated dramas people engage in, electing to return to the same group or place over and over again and not engaging in the rapid exchange of selves I read post-modernity as predicting.

Most striking for me has been the failure of a third cyborg gender to arise. I am a huge Donna Haraway fan and have gone out of my way to find people on SL who use it to go beyond conventional roles. In a "city of millions" sadly they fit in one small club.

This has lead me to the work of Zizeck and the idea that SL is really like a movie or dream, a place where fantasy gaps or traumas from the RL are externalized.

I think the lack of limits in SL accounts for its ultimate unpopularity. People bring in a fantasy only to quickly find the fantasy is too much and they return to reality.

SL often freaks the participants out not because they feel alienated from their defined roles of self, but because it often gives expression to parts of the self hidden in RL.

SL has taught me that there must be a real forming the fantasy, and that fantasy and real are deeply connected.

Thank you

Iggy O said...

"I think the lack of limits in SL accounts for its ultimate unpopularity. People bring in a fantasy only to quickly find the fantasy is too much and they return to reality."

One could just as easily argue that the upopularity of SL, if you measure that as a failure to gain traction as has Facebook or Twitter, stems from something else.

Many potential SLers--at least the ones to whom Linden Lab's site videos an rhetoric get pitched-- want glamor and a life beyond his or her means. Thus we get a capitalist and not an ontological fantasy: "this is just like me, but beautiful, buff, and RICH!"

I've known these SLers,and often they leave because of boredom once they have the virtual goods: MacMansion, supercar, perfect "spouse," swimming pool, and private jet.

I don't know if those accessories would be more satisfying IRL, but in SL at least, there seems to come a point at which the bored, "has it all" SLer says "this crap is all pixels."

Robert Hooker said...

@Iggy O

Good point. I think both are linked in SL ability to serve as a platform for fantasy projection. Some people project absences they fell in their real lives and once fantasy is fulfilled they grow bored.

But I have seen a lot of others who get in to "drama", they seek out intense fantasy situations in SL often coming to the point of violent and extreme sexual play.

Once the fantasy becomes to charged we seek a return to the real. People are often freaked out about how they change in SL, how it brings out their psychological weaknesses and how they find themselves more connected to the extreme fantasy than real life.

SL is like the Matrix in that it is a machine that makes illusions. To further quote Zizeck when the illusion fulfills fantasy in a dream, that dream becomes a nightmare. And suddenly we find ourselves in a universe of projected surfaces.

Hiro Pendragon said...

"Sherry Turkle"

Turkle's made a lot of predictions over the years. I've noticed that she's not alone in seeing virtual world theorists alter their theories significantly over the last 20 years. I think before the Internet boom of the 90s, people really just didn't know what to expect.

"not engaging in the rapid exchange of selves"

Well, this would imply that this is ever possible. A self is a rich creature. The idea that it can be rapidly exchanged is perhaps something only reserved for a fully digital life form that operates on a level that Moore's Law may afford us in 20 - 30 years. For humans? My point has been that the self is too deep of a thing to simply change around quickly.

"the failure of a third cyborg gender"

Again, I go to my earlier comments - how is possible for someone who's lived their life one gender or the other to simply swap quickly. I know a few trans individuals, and that itself is a very long process mentally and physically. All of our culture and identity is flavored with gender. It's going to take decades for a third gender to arrive, and I think it probably will take fully digital AI to give us a proper prototype. And this is a best-case. I personally think it's more likely we'll wind up with an androgynous, asexual identity, rather than something entirely new.

"idea that SL is really like a movie or dream"

This was brought up on the NWN blog comments. Jung. Free Association, etc. Totally agree that virtual worlds provide themselves as Dream-Space as a primary use-case.

"SL has taught me that there must be a real forming the fantasy, and that fantasy and real are deeply connected."

100% agree.

@Iggy: I think your observations are right on. People seek escapism, not self-exploration. Some people in this manner find the latter anyway, but many don't and "Give up".

"People are often freaked out about how they change in SL, how it brings out their psychological weaknesses and how they find themselves more connected to the extreme fantasy than real life. "

Again, Jung, dream-space. Absolutely agree.

I think most of your conclusions are interesting and sound. I disagree with the "it's not postmodern", but that's almost besides the point because I think your other observations are more wide-reaching in scope and to me, personally, more fascinating. :)

Robert Hooker said...

@ Hiro Pendragon

Glad to see we are in agreement, I think that was the nature of my earlier straw man statement, that the core of my idea was actually not that different, that we maybe differ on the use of a word.

You said

"My point has been that the self is too deep of a thing to simply change around quickly."

For a sociologist expressing what is meant by "deep" is very complex.

https://docs.google.com/View?id=dd26ps28_2cd75mfdx

The above link is notes for a paper I wrote as a graduate student. It presents some of the complexity of this issue, which seems so common sense.

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